Frozen Shoulder: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

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Frozen shoulder, also known as adhesive capsulitis, is a painful condition that affects the shoulder joint.

It is characterized by stiffness and restricted range of motion in the shoulder, making daily activities challenging.

In Malaysia, this disease is prevalent across different age groups, and individuals with diabetes are particularly susceptible.

At KMZ Orthoman, we understand the impact a frozen shoulder that can have on your life, and we are here to provide comprehensive care and treatment tailored to your needs.


This condition typically progresses through three stages: freezing, frozen, and thawing.

During the freezing stage, patients experience increasing pain and stiffness in the shoulder, making simple movements difficult.

The frozen stage is characterized by severe stiffness in the shoulder, with limited mobility and persistent pain.

In the thawing stage, there is a gradual improvement in shoulder mobility and a reduction in pain.

Diagnosing this disease involves a thorough medical history review and physical examination to assess the range of motion and degree of stiffness in the shoulder joint.

Imaging tests such as X-rays, ultrasound, and MRI may be used to rule out other underlying conditions and confirm the diagnosis.

Treatment aims to relieve pain, reduce inflammation, and restore shoulder mobility.

This may include a combination of non-surgical interventions such as medication, physical therapy, corticosteroid injections, and alternative therapies like acupuncture

In severe cases where conservative treatments failed to provide relief, surgical options such as arthroscopic capsular release or manipulation under anesthesia may be considered.

At KMZ Orthoman, our experienced team of orthopedic specialists and physiotherapist provide comprehensive care for frozen shoulders, tailoring treatment plans to meet the individual needs of each patient and helping them achieve optimal recovery and long-term shoulder function.

Symptoms of a Frozen Shoulder

Frozen shoulder, or adhesive capsulitis, presents with several distinct symptoms that can significantly impact daily life.

In Malaysian cases, patients with this disease typically experience gradual onset shoulder pain, stiffness, and limited range of motion.

The hallmark symptom of a frozen shoulder is pain, which worsens over time, particularly at night.

Patients may also notice stiffness in the shoulder joint, making simple movements, such as reaching overhead or behind the back, difficult.

Limited range of motion is another common symptom of this disease, affecting the ability to perform daily tasks.

Shoulder stiffness and pain can lead to functional impairments, making it challenging to carry out routine activities.

Many patients also experience difficulty sleeping due to shoulder pain and discomfort, which can affect overall well-being.

If you are experiencing persistent shoulder pain, stiffness, or limited mobility, contact us for expert evaluation and treatment.

Diagnosis of a Frozen Shoulder

Diagnosing a frozen shoulder involves a comprehensive evaluation to determine the underlying cause of shoulder pain and stiffness.

In Malaysia, diagnosing this disease typically begins with a thorough medical history and physical examination.

During the physical examination at KMZ Orthoman, our experienced healthcare professionals assess shoulder range of motion and strength.

Imaging studies, such as X-rays, ultrasound, or MRI, may be ordered to rule out other potential causes of shoulder pain.

The hallmark sign of this disease is a limited range of motion, particularly in external rotation and abduction.

X-rays may be taken to rule out other conditions, such as arthritis or fractures, which can present with similar symptoms.

Ultrasound and MRI scans can provide detailed images of the shoulder joint, helping to rule out any associated ligament tear.

At KMZ Orthoman, we utilize state-of-the-art diagnostic techniques to accurately diagnose frozen shoulder and develop personalized treatment plans.

Once a diagnosis is confirmed, our team works closely with each patient to develop an individualized treatment plan to address their specific needs.

If you are experiencing persistent shoulder pain and stiffness, schedule a consultation with our expert team for an accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment approach.

Treatment of a Frozen Shoulder

At KMZ Orthoman, we offer comprehensive treatment options to help patients manage the symptoms of a frozen shoulder effectively.

Medications: Medications such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and pain relievers can help reduce pain and inflammation associated with a frozen shoulder.

Physical Therapy: Physical therapy plays a crucial role in the treatment of a frozen shoulder. Our expert therapists provide individualized exercise programs to improve shoulder mobility and strength.

Manual Therapy: Manual therapy techniques, including joint mobilization and myofascial release, can help restore normal shoulder function and reduce pain.

Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy (ESWT): ESWT is an innovative treatment option that utilizes shock waves to stimulate the healing process in the shoulder joint. This non-invasive procedure can help reduce pain and improve shoulder function.


Frozen shoulder, although challenging, is effectively managed with the right treatment approach.

At KMZ Orthoman, we offer comprehensive and personalized care for patients with frozen shoulders, ensuring they achieve the best possible treatment outcomes.

With our team of experienced orthopedic specialists, physical therapists, and other healthcare professionals, we provide a range of treatment options tailored to each patient’s unique needs.

From medications and physical therapy to minimally invasive procedures and postural education programs, we offer a holistic approach to treating this condition.

Our goal is to not only relieve pain and improve shoulder function but also to address the underlying causes of frozen shoulder, helping patients achieve long-term relief and prevent future recurrence of the condition.

Patients can trust our team to provide expert care and support throughout their treatment journey, guiding them every step of the way towards recovery.

With our state-of-the-art facilities and advanced treatment techniques, we ensure that patients receive the highest quality care possible.

If you or a loved one is suffering from a frozen shoulder, don’t hesitate to contact us at KMZ Orthoman.

Our compassionate team is here to help you get back to living your life to the fullest, free from the pain and discomfort of a frozen shoulder.

Schedule a consultation today and take the first step towards a pain-free future.